Simon Bittmann, Current Visiting Scholar
I am a doctoral student at Sciences Po Paris, working under the supervision of Marion Fourcade and Claire Lemercier. I work specifically in historical and economic sociology, looking at the anthropology of capitalism with an intersectional lens. My dissertation project, started in 2013, is entitled « Fighting the loan sharks : the legitimacy of personal loans in the United States, 1903-1941 ». I combine historical ethnography and quantitative methods to document the credit practices of industrial workers, especially African-American men and women in the South, to understand how unsecured loans, based only on monthly wages, were designed through semi-formal contracts and low-level judicial proceedings. I am also interested in the moral crusades carried to regulate this business, combining recent developments in economic and moral sociology with more classical questions regarding the construction of public problems and social movements during the Progressive Era. Finally, my work tries to combine neo-institutionalist insights in the sociology of law with a sociology of social stratification, looking at the stratification effects of economic regulation: it shows how market moralization can lead to market segmentation. My other research publications include a quantitative contribution in the sociology of gender and labor, looking at the the relationship between French women's wages and the sharing of housework, http://www.insee.fr/en/themes/document.asp?reg_id=0&ref_id=ECO478K
Simone Ferriani, Current Visiting Scholar
Simone Ferriani is Full Professor of Management at the University of Bologna and Honorary Visiting Professor at Cass Business School, City University London. He received his PhD from the Management Department of the University of Bologna. He has been a visiting scholar at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania and at the Stern School of Business, New York University. After obtaining the PhD he received a Marie Curie Fellowship from the EU to do research at Cass Business School, City University London and a Research Fellowship to work at the Centre for Technology Management of the University of Cambridge. He is also an AIM Fellow and a lifetime member of Clare-Hall College in Cambridge. His research interests include entrepreneurship, creativity, processes of evaluation and social networks. His works have been published in various international journals and books, such us American Sociological Review, Organization Studies, Strategic Management Journal, Administrative Science Quarterly, Organization Science. Simone is the Scientific Director of the Green Energy and Sustainable Businesses MBA of Bologna Business School, where he also teaches courses in Strategy and Entrepreneurship at the MBA and Executive level. Simone has served as advisor to several startups and is engaged in various initiatives designed to encourage and supports students in the creation, development, and commercialization of innovative ideas. Starting from 2015 Simone is also the Director of UNIBO Launch Pad the first Italian entrepreneurial acceleration program designed to foster the talent and competences of young academics and researchers with innovative ideas rooted in their research findings.
Jess Gilbert, Current Visiting Scholar
Jess Gilbert is Professor and Chair of the Department of Community and Environmental Sociology at the University of Wisconsin—Madison. He recently published Planning Democracy: Agrarian Intellectuals and the Intended New Deal (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015). This book focuses on the extremely innovative policies of the 1930s Department of Agriculture, particularly the integrative, cooperative programs in adult education, participatory research, and grass-roots planning to localize and coordinate federal agricultural policy. With Krzysztof Gorlach and Patrick Mooney, he edited Socjologia Wsi W Ameryce Północnej [Rural Sociology in North America, Selected Readings translated into Polish] (Torun, Poland: Nicolaus Copernicus University Press, 1998). His current work is on the contemporary status of New Deal experiments in land reform and community development with African-American farmers in the rural South. He has served as president of the Agricultural History Society and the Rural Sociological Society.
Natalia Levina, Current Visiting Scholar
Natalia Levina is Toyota Motors Corporation Term Chair and Professor of Information Systems at New York University Stern School of Business. Her research appeared in Information Systems Research, MIS Quarterly, Organization Science, and Academy of Management Journal among others. Her research focuses on understanding how people span organizational, professional, and cultural boundaries in order to generating innovative ideas and technology and these practices in turn shape firm boundaries. She uses qualitative methods and practice-theoretical perspectives and is a co-founder of Grounded Theory Methods group within IS community. Her current work focuses on open innovation and crowdsourcing with most recent publication entitled “Framing Innovation Opportunities While Staying Committed to an Organizational Epistemic Stance,” (with Fayard and Gkeredakis). She held a Full Professorship appointment at University of Warwick and was a visiting faculty at University of Cambridge. She has received her Ph.D. in Information Systems from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and B.A. and M.A. degrees in Mathematics and Computer Science from Boston University.
Celia Lury, Current Visiting Scholar
Celia Lury is Professor and Director of the Centre for Interdisciplinary Methodologies at the University of Warwick. She is coming to the end of an ESRC Professorial Fellowship research project on ‘Order and Continuity: Methods for Enacting Change in a Topological Society’. The project involves a critical investigation of how methods of social research enact the social world. On the one hand, it explores the epistemological dimensions of the contemporary use of practices of sorting, naming, and numbering as they are brought together in 'method assemblages'? On the other hand, it critically addresses the kinds of change enacted by such methods in terms a moving or topological ratio, and explores the implications of the becoming topological of culture for patterns of social inclusion and exclusion. Publications exploring these issues include: Inventive Methods, ed with N. Wakeford, Routledge, 2012; ‘Topological Culture’, Theory, Culture and Society, ed. with L. Parisi and T. Terranova, 2012; ‘Social Media and Self-Evaluating Assemblages: On Numbers, Orderings and Values’ with C. Gerlitz, Distinktion: Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory, 2014; ‘The Downs and Ups of the Consumer Price Index in Argentina: From National Statistics to Big Data’ with A. Gross, in ‘Statactivism: State Restructuring, Financial Capitalism and Statistical Mobilizations, Special Issue, Partecipazione e Conflitto – Rivista Scientifica di Studi Sociali e Politici, 2014.
Fabian Muniesa, Current Visiting Scholar
Fabian Muniesa is a senior research at the Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation (CSI), Ecole des Mines de Paris. His fields of expertise include science and technology studies, economic sociology, economic anthropology and organization studies. His current areas of interest include the sociology of finance, the anthropology of capitalism, the history of experimental methods in the social sciences, the pragmatics of calculation, and the politics of innovation. He is the director of the Observatory of Responsible Innovation and the holder of an ERC Starting Grant. Fabian Muniesa is also the author of The Provoked Economy: Economic Reality and the Performative Turn (Routledge, 2014).
Simone Santoni, Current Visiting Scholar
I am an organizational theorist working at the intersection of innovation, networks and categories in markets. My goal is to understand the social determinants of novel outcomes, such as innovative products or new artistic canons. Throughout my work I emphasize the interrelationship of individuals, groups and social structures and try to detail the causal mechanisms through which organizational and social facts are brought about. To date, I have three interrelated streams of research: (i) studies of social structure of collaboration and novelty emergence, where I see networks and dyads not only as a ‘stimulus’ for creativity but also as the product of actors’ efforts to pursue innovative outcomes; (ii) studies of social valuation, categorization and novelty emergence, where I investigate the social construction of novelty; (iii) studies of labor mobility in creative and entrepreneurial settings, where I use social identity and status arguments to investigate the antecedents and organizational effects of mobility processes.